japanese lessons in exeter
casual form
japanese lessons in exeterCommands         
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1. して/しないで shite/shinaide
2. しな(さい) shina(sai)
3. しろ/するな shiro/suruna
4. Other commands
1. して/しないで shite/shinaide
Te-form = (Please) do ~.
Nai-form + で(de) = (Please) don't ~.


When you use this form in a firm tone of voice, it is a command.
When you say in a soft tone (not in a sarcastic way), you are asking.

Note: しないで shinaide (Please don't ~)form is often used by women. Men would use 3. しろ/するな shiro/suruna.

*** Compare with ~してください (te-form + kudasai)

漢字 ひらがな/カタカナ Romaji
Please come over here.
こっちに来て/おいで
Please don't come here.
こっちに来ないで
Please go away.
あっちに行って
Please don't go.
行かないで
Please say it.
言って
Please don't tell anyone.
誰にも言わないで
Please look.
見て
Please don't look.
見ないで
2. しな(さい) shina(sai)
Make ます形(masu-form), drop ます(masu) and add な(さい)(na(sai)).
There is no equal negative form to this, but you can say "~するのはやめな(さい) ~suru no wa yamena(sai)" meaning "Stop doing ~".

e.g. "do"
します shimasu → しな(さい) shina(sai)
*** しな(shina) is stronger than しなさい(shinasai).
*** しなさい(shinasai) is firmer than して(shite).
*** しなさい(shinasai) form is used when adults/oder people/seniors/bosses tell children/younger people/juniors/staff to do something. It is also used in test instructions and so on.

漢字 ひらがな/カタカナ Romaji
Come here.
こっちに来な(さい)
Do your homework.
宿題しな(さい)/やりな(さい)
Go away.
あっちに行きな(さい)
3. しろ/するな shiro/suruna
This is the strongest command form. It is often used by men. Women would use 1. して/しないで shite/shinaide.

命令形 Command form = Do ~!
Dictionary form + na = Don't ~!
e.g.
verb Do ~! form Don't ~! form
do しろ shiro / やれ yare するな suruna / やるな yaruna
come 来い こい koi 来るな くるな kuruna
go 行け いけ ike 行くな いくな ikuna
eat 食べろ たべろ tabero
食え くえ kue (very informal)
食べるな たべるな taberuna
食うな くうな kuuna (very informal)

漢字 ひらがな/カタカナ Romaji
Comehere!
こっちに来い!
Don't come!
来るな!
Lookat this!
これを見ろ!
Don't look!
見るな!
Seeyour mother!
お母さんに会え!
Don't meetthat man!
あの男に会うな!
Touchthis!
これに触れ!
Don't touchme!
俺に触るな!
4. する(んだ)/しない/するんじゃない Other commands
Dictionary-form
e.g. 宿題する Shukudai suru.
This is like an ordinary sentence but it can be a command depending on the way you say it. So, this sentence could mean "I will do my homework." and could mean "You must do your homework."

Dictionary-form + "んだ nda"
This is the same as above but it sounds stronger. Also it is mainly used by men.

Nai-form
This is a negative form.
e.g. ケンカしない Kenka shinai.
Again, the meaning changes depending on how you say it. It could mean "I do not have a fight." and could mean "Do not fight!"

Dictionary-form + "んじゃない njanai"
This is the same as above but it sounds stronger.

Note: When you say these, the tone of your voice and the intonation are important, so you rarely use these in writing.

漢字 ひらがな/カタカナ Romaji
Mother: "Eat NOW."
母親:「さっさと食べる!
Police: "Come here."
警察:「こっちに来るんだ。」
Don't sleep here!
ここで寝ない!
Don't do such a thing!
そういうことをするんじゃない!
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