japanese lessons in exeter
casual form
japanese lessons in exeterHow to end a Japanese sentence
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1. (だ)ね (da)ne (だ)な (da)na
2. (だ)よ (da)yo
3. (だ)よね (da)yone (だ)よな (da)yona
4. Other examples with あいづち aizuchi (short response)
5. Test
1. (だ)ね (da)ne (だ)な (da)na
Basically, the idea is the same as the polite version. However, the casual version is a little more tricky because some ways make you sound like a man and some a woman.
*** Note: A lot of men would use な(na) instead of ね(ne).

I-adjectives

e.g. delicious
Present Affirmative
(am/is/are)
おいしい+
Oishii+ne 
Present Negative
(am/is/are not)
おいしくない+ 
Oishikunai+ne
Past Affirmative
(was/were)
おいしかった+ 
Oishikatta+ne 
Past Negative
(was/were not)
おいしくなかった+ 
Oishikunakatta+ne 

Na-adjectives

e.g. beautiful
Present Affirmative
(am/is/are)
きれい+
Kirei+dane 
*** The form without だ da is used by some women.
Present Negative
(am/is/are not)
きれいじゃない+ 
Kireijanai+ne
Past Affirmative
(was/were)
きれいだった+ 
Kireidatta+ne 
Past Negative
(was/were not)
きれいじゃなかった+ 
Kireijanakatta+ne 

Noun

e.g. a dog
Present Affirmative
(am/is/are)
犬+
Inu+dane
*** The form without だ da is used by some women.
Present Negative
(am/is/are not)
犬じゃない+ 
Inujanai+ne
Past Affirmative
(was/were)
犬だった+ 
Inudatta+ne 
Past Negative
(was/were not)
犬じゃなかった+ 
Inujanakatta+ne 

Verb

e.g. do
Present Affirmative
(do/does)
する+
suru+ne 
Present Negative
(do/does not)
しない+ 
shinai+ne
Past Affirmative
(did)
した+ 
shita+ne 
Past Negative
(did not)
しなかった+ 
shinakatta+ne 
te-form *** Mainly used by women.
して+ 
shite+ne
let's / shall we しよう+ 
shiyou+ne 
漢字 ひらがな/カタカナ Romaji

A: 今日、天気いい (Some men say )
B: うん、ホント天気いい (Some men say )
A: The weather is nice today, isn't it.
B: Yeah, it really is.
*** Example situation:
You and your friend are in the sunshine. You both know that the weather is nice and just want to share it.

日本語は難しい (Some men say )
Japanese is difficult, isn't it.
*** Example situation:
You and your friend are both learning Japanese. You are both sure that Japanese is difficult and you want to share or agree with the opinion.

会議は10時からだね (Some women say )
The meeting is from 10am, isn't it.
*** Example situation:
You are sure that the meeting is from 10am but ask to confirm just in case.

会議は10時から (A lot of men say )
The meeting is from 10am. OK?
*** Example situation:
You are reminding your colleague that the meeting is from 10am.

後で電話する(A lot of men say )
I will call you later. OK?
*** Example situation:
You are confirming that you are going to call them later.

後で電話くれる
You are going to call me later, right?
*** Example situation:
You want to make sure that your friend remembers to call you later. You are kind of pressurizing your friend to call you.

後で電話して (Often said by women)
Call me later, OK?
*** Example situation:
You are friendlily asking your friend to call you later.
2. (だ)よ (da)yo
Again, the idea is basically the same as the polite version. However, the casual version is a little more tricky because some ways make you sound like a man and some a woman.

I-adjectives

e.g. delicious
Present Affirmative
(am/is/are)
おいしい+
Oishii+yo 
Present Negative
(am/is/are not)
おいしくない+
Oishikunai+ yo
Past Affirmative
(was/were)
おいしかった+
Oishikatta+ yo 
Past Negative
(was/were not)
おいしくなかった+
Oishikunakatta+ yo

Na-adjectives

e.g. beautiful
Present Affirmative
(am/is/are)
きれい+
Kirei+dayo
*** The form without だ da is used by some women.
Present Negative
(am/is/are not)
きれいじゃない+
Kireijanai+ yo
Past Affirmative
(was/were)
きれいだった+
Kireidatta+ yo
Past Negative
(was/were not)
きれいじゃなかった+
Kireijanakatta+yo

Noun

e.g. a dog
Present Affirmative
(am/is/are)
犬+
Inu+dayo
*** The form without だ da is used by some women.
Present Negative
(am/is/are not)
犬じゃない+
Inujanai+yo
Past Affirmative
(was/were)
犬だった+ 
Inudatta+yo 
Past Negative
(was/were not)
犬じゃなかった+
Inujanakatta+ yo

Verb

e.g. do
Present Affirmative
(do/does)
する+
suru+yo
Present Negative
(do/does not)
しない+
shinai+yo
Past Affirmative
(did)
した+
shita+yo
Past Negative
(did not)
しなかった+
shinakatta+ yo 
te-form *** Mainly used by women.
して+
shite+yo
*** Mainly used by men
命令形(commands) instead of te-formよ yo
let's / shall we しよう+
shiyou+yo 
漢字 ひらがな/カタカナ Romaji

今日は天気がいい
The weather is nice today.
** Example situation:
You are talking to someone who does not know what the weather is like. Maybe the person is in a room with all the curtain shut.

A: 郵便局はどこの近く?
B: 郵便局は駅の近くだよ (Some women might say )
A: Whereabouts is the post office?
B: It is near the station.

A: 飲みに行かない?
B: いい
A: Why don't we go for a drink?
B: OK.

日本語は難しい
Japanese is difficult.
** Example situations:
1. You have a friend who wants to learn Japanese. You know Japanese is difficult and so you want to warn them that Japanese is difficult.
2. You are learning Japanese. Your friend asks how your Japanese is going and you say you are struggling.

会議は10時からだよ (Some women say )
The meeting is from 10am.
** Example situation:
You are telling or remiding your colleague that the meeting is from 10am.

後で電話する
I will call you later.
** Example situation:
You are letting your friend know that you are going to call them later.

後で電話して (Men would say "電話しろよ")
Call me later.
** Example situation:
You are telling your friend to call you later.
3. (だ)よね (da)yone (だ)よな (da)yona
Again, the idea is basically the same as the polite version. However, the casual version is a little more tricky because some ways make you sound like a man and some a woman.
*** Note: A lot of men would use よな(yona) instead of よね(yone).

I-adjectives

e.g. delicious
Present Affirmative
(am/is/are)
おいしい+よね
Oishii+yone 
Present Negative
(am/is/are not)
おいしくない+よね 
Oishikunai+yone
Past Affirmative
(was/were)
おいしかった+よね 
Oishikatta+yone 
Past Negative
(was/were not)
おいしくなかった+よね 
Oishikunakatta+yone 

Na-adjectives

e.g. beautiful
Present Affirmative
(am/is/are)
きれい+よね
Kirei+dayone 
*** The form without だ da is used by some women.
Present Negative
(am/is/are not)
きれいじゃない+よね 
Kireijanai+yone
Past Affirmative
(was/were)
きれいだった+よね 
Kireidatta+yone 
Past Negative
(was/were not)
きれいじゃなかった+よね 
Kireijanakatta+yone 

Noun

e.g. a dog
Present Affirmative
(am/is/are)
犬+よね
Inu+dayone
*** The form without だ da is used by some women.
Present Negative
(am/is/are not)
犬じゃない+よね 
Inujanai+yone
Past Affirmative
(was/were)
犬だった+よね 
Inudatta+yone 
Past Negative
(was/were not)
犬じゃなかった+よね 
Inujanakatta+yone 

Verb

e.g. do
Present Affirmative
(do/does)
する+よね
suru+yone 
Present Negative
(do/does not)
しない+よね 
shinai+yone
Past Affirmative
(did)
した+よね 
shita+yone 
Past Negative
(did not)
しなかった+よね 
shinakatta+yone 
te-form *** Mainly used by women.
して+よね 
shite+yone
*** Mainly used by men
命令形(commands) instead of te-formよな yona
let's / shall we しよう+よね 
shiyou+yone 
漢字 ひらがな/カタカナ Romaji

会議は10時からだよね (Some women say よね. Some men might say だよな.)
The meeting is from 10am, isn't it?
** Example situation:
You think the meeting is from 10am but you are not confident enough.

日本語は難しいよね (Some men might say よな.)
Japanese is difficult, isn't it!?
** Example situations:
1. You want to make sure that not only you think Japanese is difficult.
2. Someone says Japanese is difficult and you cannot agree more.
3. You now speak Japanese fluently. You hear someone say Japanese is difficult and you agree.

今日は天気がいいよね (Some men might say よな.)
The weather is nice today, isn't it!?
** Example situations:
1. The weather is surprisingly nice. You want to make sure that it is not your imagination.
2. You are showing surprise that the weather is nice today.

後で電話くれるよね? (Some men might say よな)
You are going to call me later, right?
** Example situation:
You are not sure if your friend remembers to call you later. You do not want to upset them but cannot help asking.

後で電話してよね (Men would say "電話しろよな")
Call me later. You got that?
** Example situation:
You are strongly telling your friend to call you later.
4. Other examples with あいづち aizuchi (short response)

漢字 ひらがな/カタカナ Romaji

A: 会議は10時からだよね?。(Some women say よね?. Some men might say だよな?)
B: そうだよ。(Some women say )
A: The meeting starts at 10am. Am I right?
B: You are right.

A: 東京は人が多い
B: そうだね。(Some women say )
A: There are so many people in Tokyo, aren't there.
B: Yes, there are.
*** Example situation:
You are visiting Tokyo with your friend and you agree with each other that there are so many people in Tokyo.

A: 東京は人が多い
B: へぇ/そう/ふうん。(← You have to be careful how you say these.)
A: There are so many people in Tokyo.
B: Oh, is that so?
*** Example situation:
You have been to Tokyo or you happen to live there. You are telling someone that there are so many people in Tokyo..

A: Bちゃんのお父さんってカッコいい?
B: うん、カッコいい -----> You CANNOT say, "そうだよ" here.
A: Is your father good looking?
B: Yes, he is.

A: Bちゃんのお父さん、カッコいい
B: そう?
A: Your father is good looking.
B: Really? Do you think so?
5. Test

Can you get all the questions right?

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