japanese lessons in exeter
polite form
japanese lessons in exeterHow to end a Japanese sentence
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1. ね ne
2. よ yo
3. よね yone
4. か ka
5. With "そうです soudesu"
1. ね ne
ね ne is often used for tag-questions such as "It is, isn't it?". It can also mean "Don't you think?", "Do you agree?", "Is that right?", "Is it OK?" and so on (Asking for agreement). It can also be used when you agree with someone (often with "そうですsoudesu") or when you share or relate to their feelings.
漢字 ひらがな/カタカナ Romaji

A: 今日は天気がいいです
B: そうです、本当に天気がいいです
A: The weather is nice today, isn't it.
B: Yes, it really is, I agree.

A: 会議は10時からですね?
B: はい、そうです。
A: The meeting starts at 10am, doesn't it?
B: Yes, it does.

A: あなたの傘はこれですね?
B: はい、そうです。
A: Your umbrella is this. Is that right?
B: Yes, it is.

A: 明日電話ください
B: はい、分かりました。
A: Please give me a call tomorrow. Is that OK?
B: Yes. I will.

A: また会いましょう
B: そうです、是非。
A: I hope we shall see each other again. Shall we?
B: Yes, of course.

A: 飲みに行きませんか?
B: いいです、是非。
A: Why don't we go for a drink?
B: That's a good idea. Yes, let's.

A: 来月ハワイに行くんです。
B: いいです
A: I am going to Hawaii next month.
B: That sounds nice.

A: 今日は人が多いです
B: そうです。あ、今日は花火大会でした
A: あ、そうでした。だから人が多いんです
A: So many people today.
B: Yes, there are. Oh, there will be some fireworks today.
A: Ah, that's right. That's why there are so many people.
2. よ yo
よ yo is used to inform, let someone know something, or to emphasize what you are saying, etc.
漢字 ひらがな/カタカナ Romaji

A: こちらは天気がいいです
B: いいです。こちらは天気が悪いです。
A: The weather is nice here.
B: That's good. But here the weather is bad.

A: 郵便局はどこの近くですか?
B: 郵便局は駅の近くです
A: Whereabouts is the post office?
B: It is near the station.

A: 飲みに行きませんか?
B: いいです
A: Why don't we go for a drink?
B: OK.

A: もう来ないでください。
B: そんなこと言わないでください
A: Please don't come here again.
B: Please don't say that.

A: 来年イギリスに行くんです
B: そうですか。
A: I am going to the UK next year.
B: Oh, are you?
3. よね yone
よね yone is similar to ね(ne) but use it if you are less confident with your information or you need reassurance. It can mean "Am I right?", "Am I wrong?" or "Do you agree?" It can also be used when you agree with someone.
漢字 ひらがな/カタカナ Romaji

A: 会議は10時からですよね?。春子さんが11時からだと言うんですが。。。
B: そうです、会議は10時からです
A: The meeting starts at 10am. Is that right? But Haruko says it is 11am.
B: You are right. It is 10am.

A: あなたは夏子さんですよね?
B: そうです
A: You are Natsuko. Am I right?
B: Yes, you are right.

A: あなたは独身でしたよね?
B: いいえ、先月結婚したんです
A: You are single. Am I right?
B: No, I got married last month.
4. か ka
か ka is often used to indicate a question. It is also used when you emphasize your emotion, when you show surprise or when you share or relate to someone's feelings.
漢字 ひらがな/カタカナ Romaji

A: このクッキーは私が焼いたんです
B: あ、あなたが焼いたんです!冬子さんが焼いたんだと思いました。
A: I baked these cookies.
B: Oh, you baked them! I thought Fuyuko did.

A: どうして僕の携帯がここにあるんですか?
B: あなたが自分でそこに置いたんじゃないですか。(/か?
A: Why is my mobile phone here?
B: You put it there yourseif.(/ Didn't you put it yourself?)

A: 誰か僕の携帯を知りませんか?
B: ここにあるじゃないですか。
A: Does anyone know where my mobile phone is?
B: Can't you see? It is here.
5. With "そうです soudesu"

漢字 ひらがな/カタカナ Romaji

A: 会議は10時からですよね?
B: そうです
A: The meeting starts at 10am. Am I right?
B: You are right.

A: 東京は人が多いです
B: そうです
A: There are so many people in Tokyo.
B: Yes, there are.
*** Example situation: You are visiting Tokyo on a tour and another person on the tour agrees with you that there are so many people in Tokyo.

A: 東京は人が多いです
B: そうです
A: There are so many people in Tokyo.
B: Oh, is that so?
*** Example situation: You have been to Tokyo or you happen to live there. You are telling someone that there are so many people in Tokyo..

A: 昨日パソコンを買ったんです
B: そうです
A: I bought a PC yesterday.
B: Oh, did you?.

A: このパソコンは日本で買ったんです
B: そうです
A: Did you buy this PC in Japan?
B: Yes, I did.

A: このパソコンは日本で買ったんですよね?
B: そうです
A: You bought this PC in Japan, didn't you?
B: Yes, that's right.

A: 今日は暑いです
B: そうですか?
A: It's hot today, isn't it?
B: Really? I don't think so.

A: お父さんはカッコいいですか?
B: はい、カッコいいです -----> You CANNOT say, "そうですよ" here.
A: Is your father good looking?
B: Yes, he is.

A: あなたのお父さん、カッコいいです
B: そうですか?
A: Your father is good looking.
B: Really? Do you think so?
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