japanese lessons in exeter
particles
japanese lessons in exeterPlace + ni, で de, を o
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1. Place + に ni
2. Place + で de
3. Place + を o
4. Test
1. Place + に ni
Image: Someone or something is attached or attracted to a place.
*** Imagine that a place is a magnet.


In that magnet place, no action is taking place.
Usually, only one verb goes with one に ni. Compare with で de.

Existence:
place + に ni + ある aru
place + に ni + いる iru

Attachment
place + に ni + おく oku (= place, put)
place + に ni + すわる suwaru (= sit down)
place + に ni + とめる tomeru (= park)
place + に ni + とまる tomaru (= stay)
place + に ni + つける tsukeru (= put, attach)
place + に ni + はる haru (= paste)
place + に ni + かく kaku (= write, draw)
place + に ni + つとめる tsutomeru (= be employed)

Movement from one place to another:
place + に ni + いく iku (= go)
place + に ni + かえる kaeru (= return)
place + に ni + うごかす ugokasu (= move)
place + に ni + はこぶ hakobu (= carry)
place + に ni + はいる hairu (= enter)
place + に ni + いれる ireru (= insert)
place + に ni + しまう shimau (= put away)
place + に ni + のる noru (= get on, get in)
漢字 ひらがな/カタカナ Romaji

お皿の上リンゴがあります。
There is an apple on the plate.

私の母は日本います。
My mother is in Japan.

手を頭の上置いてください。
Please put your hands on your head.

車をここ止めないでください。
Please do not park your car here.

この机をあそこ動かしてください。
Please move this desk over there.

去年アメリカ行きました。
I went to the USA last year.
2. Place + で de
Image: Dot


place + で de + action verbs
Some action/event/happening takes place in that place.

Unlike に ni, more than one verbs can go with one で de, using "たり tari" and so on.
漢字 ひらがな/カタカナ Romaji

日本マンガを買いました。
I bought a manga in Japan.

イギリスフィッシュアンドチップスを食べたり紅茶を飲んだりしました。
I ate Fish and Chips, drank tea and so on in England.

ここ写真を撮らないでください。
Please do not take a picture here.

ロンドンオリンピックがありました。
The Olympic games were held in London.

テーブルの上踊らないでください。
Please do not dance on the table.
3. Place + を o
Image: A bigger picture


place seen as a whole + を o + verbs that mean to travel, such as walk and run.

place seen as a whole + を o + はしる hashiru (= run)
place seen as a whole + を o + あるく aruku (= walk)
place seen as a whole + を o + たびする tabisuru (= travel)
place seen as a whole + を o + とぶ tobu (= fly)
place seen as a whole + を o + およぐ oyogu (= swim)
place seen as a whole + を o + とおる tooru (= pass)
place seen as a whole + を o + わたる wataru (= cross)
place seen as a whole + を o + ころがる korogaru (= roll)
place seen as a whole + を o + まわる mawaru (= go around)

Image: Leaving a place
place + を o + でる deru (= leave)
place + を o + さる saru (= leave)
place + を o + しゅっぱつする shuppatsu suru (= leave, depart)
漢字 ひらがな/カタカナ Romaji

毎朝、公園走っています。
I run in the park everyday.

鳥が空飛んでいます。
A bird is flying in the sky.

歩道歩いてください。
Please walk on the pavement.

毎朝8時に家出ます。
I leave home at 8 every morning.
4. Test
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